Bandaging are excellent supportive measure for horses while working, traveling, resting or recovering from an injury. It is essential that you use proper leg bandaging techniques. If bandages are applied incorrectly they can cause discomfort, restrict blood flow and potentially cause damage to tendons and other tissue.
Reasons for bandaging
· Provide support for tendons and ligaments during strenuous workouts
· Prevent or reduces swelling after exercise, injury or during box rest
· Protect legs from concussion and impact
· Shield leg wounds from contamination and aid in healing
A proper leg bandage generally has two or more layers; an ample amount of padding secured by a support bandage and sometimes a protective outer layer. If a wound is involved, gauze pads or a sterile, absorbent dressing may be required as well.
Padding is essential for protecting limbs. At least an inch or more of soft, cushioning material should be placed between the limb and the bandage to help disperse the pressure evenly and prevent blood flow from being restricted. Cotton wool works well and is lightweight and comfortable. Generally, the longer a bandage is to remain in place, the greater the amount of padding is needed.
There are many choices of bandaging materials, including polo wraps, cotton flannels, roll gauge or bandaging tapes such as Vetrap bandaging tape and similar products. The bandaging material should be at least two inches wide to avoid a tourniquet-like effect and allow for movement, and is less apt to cut off circulation as long as it is not pulled too tightly.
If you have never bandaged a horse's legs before, ask your veterinarian or an experienced equine professional to demonstrate the proper techniques. Practice under his or her supervision before doing it on your own.
Follow these basic guidelines:
1. Remove dirt, debris, soap residue or moisture to prevent skin irritation and dermatitis.
2. Start with clean, dry legs and bandages.
3. If there is a wound, make sure it has been properly cleaned, rinsed and dressed according to your veterinarian's recommendations.
4. Use a thickness of an inch or more of soft, clean padding to protect the leg beneath the bandage.
5. Apply padding so it lies flat and wrinkle-free against the skin.
6. Start the wrap at the inside of the cannon bone above the fetlock joint. Do not begin or end over a joint as movement will tend to loosen the bandage and cause it to come unwrapped.
7. Wrap the leg from front to back, outside to inside (counterclockwise in left legs, clockwise in right legs).
8. Wrap in a spiral pattern, working down the leg and up again, overlapping the preceding layer by 50 percent.
9. Use smooth, uniform pressure on the support bandage to compress the padding. Make sure no lumps or ridges form beneath the bandage.
10. Be careful not to wrap the legs too tightly, creating pressure points.
11. Avoid applying bandages too loosely. If loose bandages slip, they will not provide proper support and may endanger the horse.
12. Leg padding and bandages should extend below the coronet band of the hoof to protect the area (especially important when tailoring).
13. Extend the bandages to within one half inch of the padding at the top and bottom.
14. Check bandages daily to make sure they are securely in place and not cutting off circulation.
15. If there is a potential problem with bedding or debris getting into the bandage, seal the openings with a loose wrap of flexible adhesive bandage.
16. Rewrap the legs every 1-2 days to minimize the chance of circulation problems caused by slippage, or skin irritation due to dirt or debris entering the bandages.
17. Before rewrapping take a few minutes to examine the legs for any signs of heat, swelling or irritation. Problem areas are usually wet with perspiration.
18. Allow the horse ample time to become accustomed to leg bandages before trailoring, riding or leaving alone in a stall.